Thousands of service members returning home from Iraq and Afghanistan suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI). So many, in fact, that TBI is called the “signature injury” of these wars. This has been attributed in part to the common use of roadside bombs (IEDs), fire bombs, and other explosives by insurgents.
Traumatic brain injury is characterized by both physical and psychological impairments, and oftentimes, veterans suffer from residual effects of TBI. In those cases, the VA may not recognize those residual symptoms as being caused by traumatic brain injury, and this creates a limitation on the benefits a veteran can receive.
Because the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been criticized for underestimating the effects of TBI and not awarding benefits to many veterans suffering from TBI, the VA has proposed a revised regulation, 38 CFR 3.310, to help more veterans with TBI to qualify for benefits.
The proposed rule recognizes five illnesses as being caused or worsened by TBI. A veteran who can establish service-connection for traumatic brain injury (that is, that the TBI resulted from military service) may be able to get an increase in benefits based on these illnesses once the new rule is finalized.
After the proposed rule becomes final, the following diseases will be presumed to be service-connected:
- Parkinson’s disease that is diagnosed following moderate or severe TBI
- seizures for which no cause has been established following moderate or severe TBI
- certain dementias if diagnosed within 15 years after moderate or severe TBI
- depression that is diagnosed either:
- within three years of moderate or severe TBI, or
- within one year of mild TBI
- hormone deficiency diseases that are diagnosed within 12 months of a diagnosis of moderate to severe TBI.
The VA will use the following evidence to rate TBI as mild, moderate, or severe:
- MRI, PET, or other scans
- length of an altered mental state or altered state of consciousness
- length of loss of consciousness
- length of amnesia, and
- score on the Glasgow Coma Scale (a test used after head injuries).